Electrolytes are the smallest chemicals that are important form for the cells to allow the body to work correctly. Electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and others are critical in allowing cells to generate energy and maintain the right functional system of the body. They generate electricity, contract muscles, move water and fluids within the body, and participate in myriad other activities.
Why the body needs electrolytes?
Electrolytes are chemicals that form electrically charged particles (ions) in body fluids. These ions carry the electrical energy necessary for many functions, including muscle contractions and transmission of nerve impulses. The list of functions that electrolytes control is endless!
To make it more clear, for example your body fluids – blood, plasma, interstitial fluid (fluid between cells) are like seawater and have a high concentration of sodium chloride (=table salt, or NaCl).
The major electrolytes are as follows:
- sodium (Na+)
- potassium (K+)
- chloride (Cl-)
- calcium (Ca2+)
- magnesium (Mg2+)
- bicarbonate (HCO3-)
- phosphate (PO42-)
When do we loose electrolytes?
During exercising the body looses electrolytes through sweat, the imbalance can result in symptoms like muscle cramps, fatigue, nausea, and mental confusion. We also loose electrolytes when we are sick!
How should we replenish electrolytes?
Rehydration after intense exercise can only be achieved if the electrolytes and water lost from sweat are replenished.
Tap Water contains: 1.2mg Sodium 0 mg Potassium
Which drink is rich in electrolytes?
Are you thinking of the sport drinks? Be careful regular sport drinks contain a lot sucrose syrup, glucose-fructose syrup. Are you up for some re-hydrating healthy alternative?
Fresh coconut water is one of the richest natural sources of electrolytes
Chi Raw Coconut water has five electrolytes your body needs:
- Potassium: The most important positive ion inside your cells; potassium regulates the heartbeat and muscle function. Coconut water contains 295 mg, which is 15 times the amount in the average sports drink
- Sodium: The most important positive ion in fluid outside your cells, and also the one most depleted with exercise, as you lose sodium through sweat and urine.
- Magnesium: important for maintaining the electrical potential of your cells, proper muscle function, and preventing calcium overload.
- Phosphorus: Plays important roles in bone health, but also in transferring energy throughout your body, helping your muscles contract, and regulating nerve function.
- Calcium: Important for bone health.